What is bullying exactly? According to the CRAYS Report (Cancer Risk Assessment in Youth Survey) done by the University of Waterloo [for full report go to: https://osis.uwaterloo.ca/ Login: georgel786 password: Canada] bullying is a form of abuse that is repeated over time, from a person in a position of power, targeted at a specific victim. Repeated victimization by a bully decreases the victim’s power and increases the bully’s power.
The CRAYS report states that there are 5 common types of bullying. See picture below for most common types:
This stat comes directly from GESS, meaning that students report verbal attacks as the most common way they get bullied. The CRAYS report also found that of students who bully, this is the most common way they bully others.
Another interesting fact that the report found is that those who bully and those who get bullied report the highest levels of substance abuse.
Here are the stats from George Elliot on who is being bullied and who is being the bully:
We can see by these stats that a total of 34% of students report being bullied in the last month, whereas only 18% of students admit to bullying others in the last month. Whether this is a case of not wanting to admit to being a bully or of not recognizing their actions as bullying is up for debate and should be looked further into.
We can also see that more females seem to be being bullied than males and that they are also more likely to be the perpetrators of bullying.
What can we do to provide safe environments and address bullying at GESS? The CRAYS report makes the following recommendations:
- Recognize that bullying is a societal problem; schools cannot resolve it on their own. Parents and the wider community need to be informed and involved as well.
- Teach students how to identify bullying, especially non-physical incidences. Knowledge is power.
- Train staff to recognize bullying behaviours, encourage them to intervene early and to work to prevent escalations.
- Train students to see that bullying is everyone’s problem, not just the victims or the bully’s. Teach them to work together to end situations and create an atmosphere in the school that encourages kids to speak up.
- Enable students to report bullying incidents anonymously, perhaps through a school website
- Run restorative justice programs if/when bullying incidents occur.